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   ** CHANAKYA 51st YEAR ** MEDIA PARTNER EURONAVAL 2020 ** INDIAN AIR FORCE DAY SPECIAL: OCTOBER 2020 ISSUE ** EURONAVAL 2020 NAVY SHOW PREVIEW: Bonus Distribution in Paris **         INDIA’s Leading & Oldest DEFENCE & Aerospace Magazine - 51st Year in Defence Publishing: 46th Year of Monthly Publication       

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Five Rafale Fighters Induction in IAF

The first five Indian Air Force (IAF) 4.5-Generation Rafale Combat Aircraft have arrived at Air Force Station, Ambala. The aircraft got airborne from Dassault Aviation Facility, Mérignac, France on 27th July and reached India on 29th July afternoon with a planned stopover en-route at Al Dhafra Air Base in the UAE.

Five Rafale Fighters in IAF
The Rafale Fleet comprises of three Single-Seater and Two Twin-Seater Rafales. The delivery of 10 a
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Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines Project

Amongst the five Global Defence Majors selected by the MoD Committee for the P-75(I) Submarines Project is Navantia of Spain. The two Indian Shipyards for the mega 'Make-in-India' Project are L&T Group and Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. (MDL). Navantia has recently organised more than 100 side meetings and submitted 380 RFIs specific to the P-75(I) Submarine cost items, and targets achieving 500 PTS and nearly 1,500 RFIs within the next 3-4 months.

Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines
Navantia is participating in P-75(I) using the basis of the S80 Plus Submarine - the only 3,000 ton
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Indian Air Force Commanders’ Conference 2020: IAF in the Next Decade

The Air Force Commanders’ Conference (AFCC) was conducted from 22nd to 24th July 2020, at Air Headquarters (Vayu Bhawan) New Delhi. The theme of the Conference was "IAF in the Next Decade". The AFCC was Chaired by the Chief of the Air Staff (CAS), Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadauria.

IAF Commanders’ Conference 2020
The Air Force Commanders’ Conference (AFCC) was conducted from 22nd to 24th July 2020, at Air Headq
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Russia Visit

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed India-Russia Defence Cooperation with Yury Borisov, Deputy Prime Minister of Russian Federation in Moscow on 27th June. Mr Borisov is the Co-Chair of the Inter-Governmental Commission with India on Trade & Economic & Scientific Cooperation. He also Co-Chairs with the Raksha Mantri the High Level Committee on Science & Technology. Their discussions on bilateral cooperation and regional issues were very positive and productive.

Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh Reviews India-Russia Defence Relations
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reviewed India-Russia Defence Cooperation in Moscow. The discussions
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Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety

Collins Aerospace is part of Raytheon Technologies Corporation, which is a leading Aerospace & Defence Company that provides Advanced Systems and Services for Commercial, Military and Government customers worldwide. It comprises four industry-leading businesses - Collins Aerospace, Pratt & Whitney, Raytheon Intelligence & Space and Raytheon Missiles & Defense. This feature on “Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety” is contributed by DON BORCHELT, Business Development Director, ACES II/5, Mission Systems, Collins Aerospace, highlights various aspects of Pilot Safety and new developments in Ejection Seats for New-Generation Combat Aircraft.

Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety
Collins Aerospace specialises in Aerostructures, Avionics, Interiors, Mechanical Systems, Mission S
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The Year of Heron TP

The Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Heron TP is a Multi-Role, Most Advanced, Long-Range Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) for Strategic Missions, equipped with Automatic Taxi Take-Off and Landing Systems (ATOL), Satellite Communication for Extended Range, fully redundant Avionics and much more. The IAI Heron TP UAS was designed as a Multi-Mission Platform to address customers' needs and to perform a variety of Strategic Missions, including Intelligence Gathering, Surveillance,

The Year of Heron TP
Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), using various Payloads, with a high level of reliabi
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SINGAPORE AIR SHOW 2020 REPORT

The Singapore Air Show 2020 was held at Changi Exhibition Centre from 11th to 16th February 2020, with attendance from high-level Military Delegations including India’s Air Chief, Senior Government Officials and leading industry players, featured exhibitors from over 930 companies from above 45 countries. The Singapore Air Show had major participants in the Civil and Military Flying and Static Aircraft Displays that included: Airbus A400M, Dassault Aviation Falcon Business Jets, Embraer Profit-Hunter Commuter Jet, Gulfstream Aircraft, Textron Aviation Aircraft, RSAF Apache & Chinook, Super Puma, Lockheed Martin’s F-16D & F-22 with Sikorsky’s S-70B, Boeing’s F-15SG & P-8A Poseidon, Bell Boeing MV-22s, Elbit Systems’ Hermes 900 UAS, IAI’s Heron TP UAS, Bell Helicopters, were on display.

SINGAPORE AIR SHOW 2020 REPORT
The Singapore Air Show 2020 was held at Changi Exhibition Centre from 11th to 16th February 2020, w
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WINGS INDIA 2020 SHOW PREVIEW

The Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India, jointly with FICCI, organises the 7th Edition of Indian Aviation Show Series, named Wings India 2020 from 12th to 15th March 2020 at Hyderabad’s Begumpet Airport. Wings India 2020 is the largest International Exhibition and Conference for the Civil Aviation Industry in India, with above 15 aircraft on static display and with participation of about 125 companies, including major companies like AAI, Airbus Group, ATR, Boeing, CFM, CSIR, Dassault Aviation Falcon Jets, Embraer, Gulfstream, Honda Jet, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL), Maini, NAL, Pawan Hans, Pratt & Whitney, Rolls-Royce, Saab, Textron Aviation, United Technologies Corporation (UTC), etc.

WINGS INDIA 2020 SHOW PREVIEW
The Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India, jointly with FICCI, organises the 7th Edition
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First Indian Air Force Rafale Handed Over

On October 8th, Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, hosted the handover ceremony of the first Indian Air Force Rafale in Mérignac, Dassault Aviation’s Rafale Final Assembly Facility. The event was placed under the high patronage of Rajnath Singh, Minister of Defence of India and Ms. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces of France.

First Indian Air Force Rafale Handed Over
On October 8th, Eric Trappier, Dassault Aviation Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, hosted the h
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1st Rafale Handed Over by France: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh says Induction Will Boost India's Air Dominance Exponentially

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the French-made Rafale Combat Jet will boost India's Air Dominance exponentially, as he was formally handed the delivery of the first of 36 Rafales in France. The induction of Rafale Fighter Jets into the Indian Air Force will give a boost to India's Air Dominance exponentially, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said at the Handing-Over Ceremony of the IAF's Rafale Fighter.

1st Rafale Handed Over by France: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh says Induction Will Boost India's Air Dominance Exponentially
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the French-made Rafale Combat Jet will boost India's Air D
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Thales: A Proud Partner of the Indian Air Force by Emmanuel de Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India

Thales is proud that the IAF has been relying on its high-end Technology Solutions for Combat Aircraft, Air Defence Systems and Sensors, among others to achieve its big ambitions. The Upgrade of Mirage 2000 Fleet is one such example and so is the selection of the Rafale Omni-Role Combat Aircraft by the Indian Air Force.

Thales: A Proud Partner of the Indian Air Force by Emmanuel de Roquefeuil, VP & Country Director, Thales in India
Thales is proud that the IAF has been relying on its high-end Technology Solutions for Combat Aircr
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FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Military. Rolls-Royce Engines power a wide variety of aircraft in the inventory of the IAF - from Combat and Strike Aircraft (the Jaguar, powered by the Adour Mk811) to Trainers (Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer, powered by Adour Mk871) to Strategic Airlift Aircraft (C-130J Super Hercules, powered by AE 2100), and even VVIP and Surveillance Aircraft (ERJ145, powered by AE 3007).

FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Mil
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MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force

With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50 years, European Missile company MBDA understands the importance of operational capability and sovereignty to the IAF. MBDA has set up an extensive network of business Partners throughout India. This extensive Indian Supply Chain supports its JV initiatives ready to fulfil ‘Make-in-India’ requirements through its JV with L&T to manufacture Missiles & Components in India. In addition, MBDA continues to work with Indian Public-Sector entities for local Production, Development and Partnership.

MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force
With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launches Indian Navy's First New P-17A Stealth Frigate INS Nilgiri

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched INS Nilgiri, the first of the Navy's seven new P-17A Stealth Frigates at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) in Mumbai.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Launches Indian Navy's First New P-17A Stealth Frigate INS Nilgiri
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on 28th September launched INS Nilgiri, the first of the Navy's seve
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Witnesses Fire Power of Western Fleet, ‘Day at Sea’ Onboard INS Vikramaditya

During his stay on INS Vikramaditya Aircraft Carrier, the biggest ship of the Indian Navy, Raksha Mantri witnessed a wide range of Naval Operations including Weapon Firing by the Fighter Aircraft and Night Flying Operations by helicopter from the deck of the Aircraft Carrier and Surface Shoots, Missile and Rocket Firings.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Witnesses Fire Power of Western Fleet, ‘Day at Sea’ Onboard INS Vikramaditya
During his stay on INS Vikramaditya, the biggest ship of the Indian Navy, Raksha Mantri witnessed a
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Commissions Indigenously-Built Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi

On 28th September 2019, INS Khanderi, the second of P75 Scorpene-Class Submarines, was commissioned by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh in presence of Minister of State for Defence Shripad Naik, Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh, CMD MDL Commodore Rakesh Anand (IN Retd.) and several other dignitaries. INS Khanderi is totally built by Indian Shipyard Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) through years of Technology Transfer and Partnership with the Naval Group,  in line with Indian Government’s ‘Make-in-India’ Policy.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Commissions Indigenously-Built Scorpene Submarine INS Khanderi
INS Khanderi, the second of P75 Scorpene-Class Submarines, was commissioned by Defence Minister Raj
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IAF & FAF Joint Ops at EXERCISE GARUDA-VI

Exercise Garuda 2019, a bilateral Indo-French Large Force Employment Warfare Exercise was hosted by the French Air Force (FAF) from 1st to 12th July 2019 at Mont-de-Marsan France, was successfully completed with the IAF Contingent landing back in India on 19th July 2019.

IAF & FAF Joint Ops at EXERCISE GARUDA-VI
Exercise Garuda 2019, a bilateral Indo-French Large Force Employment Warfare Exercise was hosted by
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20th Anniversary of Kargil Victory Day

The ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ celebrations were spread over three days from 25th to 27th July 2019 and were organised at Dras and New Delhi.

20th Anniversary of Kargil Victory Day
The ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’ celebrations were spread over three days from 25th to 27th July 2019 and w
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chaired the Roundtable on 'Make-in-India in Defence Industry' with top Defence & Aerospace Manufacturers at Vigyan Bhawan. The objective of the roundtable was to promote 'Make-in-India' in Defence Sector. It aimed to explore ways to attract investment, address the concerns of the Industry and promote innovations in Defence Sector.

Develop Indigenous Technology for Defence: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chaired the Roundtable on 'Make-in-India in Defence Industry' with
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh

Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh visited Eastern Naval Command Visakhapatnam on 29th June 2019 on a two-day maiden visit to the ENC. On arrival at INS Dega, the Raksha Mantri was received by Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS).

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visits Eastern Naval Command (ENC) in Visakhapatnam
Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh visited Eastern Naval Command Visakhapatnam on 29th June 2019 on a two-
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Lockheed Martin & Tata Supplier Meet for F-21 Fighter & S-76D Helicopter

Lockheed Martin and Tata hosted a three-day Suppliers Conference in July in New Delhi, where about 30 of Lockheed Martin's Tier 1 Suppliers had the opportunity to meet with over 70 Indian Companies of all sizes to form relationships, assess capabilities, generate Partnerships and further enhance the Government of India's ‘Make-in-India' objectives. Lockheed Martin is looking to expand its Local Suppliers Base in India for their Global Supply Chain in order to fulfill the Offsets Obligations in India, and to increase Indigenous Content of their Offers to Indian Forces, while mainly promoting the new F-21 Fighter for the IAF’s MRFA competition, Sikorsky’s S-76D for the Indian Navy’s NUH, and the MH-60R for the MRH.

Lockheed Martin & Tata Supplier Meet for F-21 Fighter & S-76D Helicopter
Lockheed Martin and Tata hosted a three-day Suppliers Conference in July in New Delhi. Lockheed Mar
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Launch of Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine - VELA

Vela, the fourth Scorpene-Class Submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited for the Indian Navy, was launched on 6th May 2019, by Mrs Veena Ajay Kumar, wife of Dr. Ajay Kumar, Secretary Defence Production, who was the Chief Guest on the occasion. Vice Admiral A.K. Saxena, CWP&A was also present during the Launching Ceremony.

Launch of Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine - VELA
Vela, the fourth Scorpene-Class Submarine being constructed by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited fo
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visits Siachen, Reviews Security Situation at Highest Battlefield

In his first visit after taking charge, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh visited the Siachen Glacier to review the Security situation. The Raksha Mantri paid his tributes to the martyrs at the highest battlefield of the world and interacted with the Soldiers at the Forward Posts.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Visits Siachen, Reviews Security Situation at Highest Battlefield
In his first visit after taking charge, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh visited the Siachen Glacier
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Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Takes Charge of Indian Defence

Rajnath Singh took over the responsibility as the Defence Minister on 1st June 2019. On his arrival at the Ministry of Defence in South Block, Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh was received by the Minister of State for Defence Shripad Yesso Naik, three Services’ Chiefs, Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra, Secretary Defence Production Dr. Ajay Kumar, Secretary DDR&D & Chairman DRDO Dr. G..Satheesh Reddy.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Takes Charge of Indian Defence
Rajnath Singh took over the responsibility as the Defence Minister on 1st June 2019. On his arrival
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Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to spend US$ 100-150 Billion on Defence Modernisation programmes by 2022. This presents a huge opportunity for Multinational Companies (MNCs) and Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to leverage India's fast-growing Aerospace and Defence Sectors.

Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to
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GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives

General Atomics (GA) and its affiliated companies now constitute one of the world's leading resources for High-Technology Systems ranging from Nuclear fuel cycle to Electromagnetic Systems, Remotely Operated Surveillance Aircraft, Airborne Sensors and Advanced Electronics, Wireless & Laser Technologies.

GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives
GA and its affiliated entities manufacture, operate and service state-of-the-art Unmanned Aerial Ve
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MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force

MBDA is exhibiting a full range of Missiles and Missile Systems on Stand AB.2.23 designed to provide Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities, including Air Dominance, Strike and Maritime Engagement, for the Indian Air Force.

MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force
Aero India 2019 is the first Air Show where L&T MBDA Missile Systems Ltd, MBDA’s Joint Venture with
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Dassault Aviation Reaffirms Full Commitment to India & Launches New Rafale F4 Standard for France

Dassault Aviation has assured that it will ensure successful production in India through the Dassault Reliance Joint Venture in Nagpur as well as through a full-fledged Supply Chain Network involving already 30 companies with which Dassault Aviation signed contracts, and additional 60 companies currently under discussions.

Dassault Aviation Launches New Rafale F4 Standard for France
Dassault Aviation has received a Development Contract from the French DGA to Upgrade the Rafale Fig
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HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence

HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics. Based in Taufkirchen near Munich, HENSOLDT is one of the market leaders in the field of Civil and Military Sensor Solutions and develops new products based on innovative approaches for Data Management, Robotics and Cyber Security to combat a wide range of threats.

HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence
HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics
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Indian Army Artillery Inducts K9 Vajra’s & M777s

Marking a major milestone towards capacity building and capability enhancement of the Indian Army, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, dedicated the globally combat proven M777 A2 Ultra Light Howitzers, K9 Vajra-Tracked Self-Propelled Guns and 6x6 Filed Artillery Tractors to the service of the Nation.

Indian Army Artillery Inducts K9 Vajra’s & M777s
Marking a major milestone towards capacity building and capability enhancement of the Indian Army,
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BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon

BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export requirements, if the Government decides, while serving the Indian Army, Indian Navy & Indian Air Force requirements, which should see larger numbers of Missiles ordered in the future.

BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon
BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export require
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‘Optimising Resources’ and ‘Emerging Technologies’ Dominate Navy Commanders’ Conference

The second edition of the three day Navy Commanders’ Conference of 2018 held from 31st October to 2nd November 2018, had top Commanders of the Indian Navy deliberate on the themes of ‘Optimisation’ and ‘Emerging Technologies’.

‘Optimising Resources’ and ‘Emerging Technologies’ Dominate Navy Commanders’ Conference
The second edition of the three day Navy Commanders’ Conference of 2018 held from 31st October to 2
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL B. S. DHANOA, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF

Indian Air Force is going through a Transformation process acquiring state-of-the-art platforms and systems, and through Upgrades, to boost India’s Air Power Dominance capabilities, with Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s & Jaguars, Rafale MMRCAs, LCA Tejas enhancements, C-17s, C-130Js, Do-228s, Avro replacement with C295W MTAs, ALH Rudra, Light Combat Helicopters (LCHs), Mi-17V5s, Chinook Heavy-Lift & Apache Longbow Attack Helicopters taking test-flights, AEW&Cs/AWACS, FRA, more Trainers, etc.
 

EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL B. S. DHANOA, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF
with Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s & Jaguars, Rafale MMRCAs, FGFA, LCA Tejas, C-17s, C-130Js, Do
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Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai

Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. As part of the select group of journalists that were invited to see the LHD and its multitude of capabilities, one can conclude that the capability that this Vessel would bring to the Indian Navy’s Air Power & Amphibious Operations would be manifold

Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai
Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came cal
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Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI

IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighter aircraft off the Eastern Coast. The Air-Launched BrahMos Missile is a 2.5 ton Supersonic Air-to-Surface Cruise Missile with ranges of more than 400 kms.

Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI
IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighte
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INS KALVARI SCORPENE-CLASS SUBMARINE COMMISSIONED INTO INDIAN NAVY

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi commissioned INS Kalvari (S-21), the first of the six Scorpene-Class Submarines built under Project 75 (Kalvari-Class) into the Indian Navy at an impressive ceremony recently held at Naval Dockyard in Mumbai. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

INS KALVARI SCORPENE-CLASS SUBMARINE COMMISSIONED INTO INDIAN NAVY
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi commissioned INS Kalvari (S-21), the first of the six Sc
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Indian Air Force Chief Flies Rafale Fighter In France

The Rafale Combat Aircraft will come with various India-specific modifications including Israeli Helmet Mounted Displays, Radar Warning Receivers and Low-Band Jammers, most importantly .

Indian Air Force Chief Flies Rafale Fighter In France
The Rafale Combat Aircraft will come with various India-specific modifications including Israeli He
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News



News

Radar-Location Upgrades From Ukraine


 Ukraine is one of the ten countries in the world engaged in the Development and Production of Radar-Location Systems. The current Ukrainian potential allows to create Radar-Location means, which meets modern challenges and threats, as well as the latest  trend in Science and Technology,  in a more or less closed loop.


ST-68U - New Breath
One of the most famous and popular Soviet-made Radar products is the ST-68U, which was supplied to India as well. The most famous Radar-Location manufacturers of Ukraine - SE "Iskra" made a deep modernisation of existing Radars into the 36D6-M Model Radars.


The main purpose of the developed 36D6-M Radar is to identify low-flying air targets covered with active and passive obstacles, as well as Air Traffic Control of Military and Civil Aviation. The 36D6-M Radar is capable to perform preliminary survey in the sector of 360 degrees, determine the object state ownership, automatic target follow, identify the most dangerous objects, issue the target indications to the Command Post of the Air Defence Anti-Aircraft Missile Units, and, if necessary, work in the autonomously control point mode. In modernised version, the element base is updated and basic characteristics are increased significantly compared to the predecessor.


36D6-M has a high probability of detecting small objects and low speed objects. Maximum radar operation range is 360 km. 36D6-M is capable to detect small size targets with an effective reflection surface of 1 sq.m when the flying altitude is 100 m at a distance of 42 km, and when the flying altitude is 1000 m at a distance of 110-115 km.
One of the latest developments of the SE "Iskra" is the 3-axis high-precision 80K6T Radar, which was first demonstrated by the "SpetsTechnoExport" company in 2017.


80K6T is a circular view radar with wide range of possibilities for detecting and measuring of coordinates of various target types, which is capable to operate under the influence of various interference types.


The main feature of 80K6T is the Digital Phased Active Antenna Array. It allows to detect and track targets with super-high accuracy. At the same time, due to the one station only the measurement of the target position is performed simultaneously at three coordinates: range, azimuth and altitude. The station is capable to detect airborne objects at distances up to 500 km, at altitudes of more than 40 km. The 80K6T Observation Locator can track up to 500 targets at one time.


The Radar makes up to 12 revolutions per one minute, that provides an update of target data every 5 seconds, and has a large viewing area at the elevation angle - up to 70 degrees, that allows to detect Tactical and Short-Range Missiles. In addition, a special Signal Processing System makes it possible to detect small-sized and cruising missiles, which are going at low altitudes with terrain following. This Radar is capable to work with many Anti-Aircraft Missile Systems of Soviet production, which once were supplied abroad.


The 80K6T Radar designed to meet the requirements for maximum mobility. It consists of two small transport units: one of which is for the operators of the Radar Station and generators of autonomous power, and second for all the Radar Equipment. The radar deploying takes 10-15 minutes only. The new station is adapted for transportation by small-scale Military Transport Aircraft.


From P-18 to "Malakhit"
Ukrainian Private companies created "Malakhit" VHF-band Radar, which is capable to detect aircrafts made with the use of "stealth" technology.


Although this Radar is called the modernisation of the Soviet Station P-18, but in many respects it is quite different from its predecessor. Radar has made radical changes and it is a completely new station today. The Digital Signal Processing, ability to communicate (data transfer) with modern automated Controlling System (Command Points), high resistance to countermeasures, ability to measure the radial target velocity, reduced close-in detection zone - up to 2.5 km, increased antenna inclination with respect to the horizontal position within the limits of +15 ÷ - 15 degrees, possibility of use in the composition of the Anti-Aircraft Missile Units, cost effectiveness, reduced number of vehicles and much more are implemented in "Malakhit". And most importantly, "Malakhit" has a detection distance of up to 400 km, that is, it detects and tracks a target much better and further than its predecessor.


The "Malakhit" Radar is adopted, serially manufactured and delivered to the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The station successfully performed tasks within the framework of the Anti-Terrorist Operation on the eastern borders of Ukraine. Information on the state of the air situation in the region was transmitted on-line to the Command Post of the Air Forces of Ukraine in Vinnitsa.


Some of the stations were handed over to Ukrainian sailors who successfully exploited "Malakhit" under conditions of another Subterranean Surface, different from the typical for Soviet P-18.


New Opportunities With DAA
One more interesting direction of development of Radar-Location means among Ukrainian manufacturers is the creation of Digital Phased Antenna Arrays. Thus, "SpetsTechnoExport" company has presented a technology of Digital Antenna Arrays (DAA) for the construction of various perspective Radar-Location Systems.


Traditional Antenna Systems of Radar Stations have one beam that scans the space by mechanical rotation of the mirror or antenna's horn through azimuth and location angle. The main difference of DAA technology is the implementation of spatial multi channeling, which allows viewing of a whole sector of space, for example, 30x60 degrees simultaneously. That is, the Radar Receiver receives and processes information from the entire area of the viewing space simultaneously.


The second difference from the usual Radar is that after the frequency conversion the signal is fed immediately to the analog-to-digital converter, and the further processing of information is already performed in digital form and does not require further signal amplification.


Another important feature of Radar Station with DAA is its reliability. Failure of several tens of percents of the antenna sheet elements will not disrupt the task performing, but due to the high degree of the structural elements unification and built-in Control System the Maintenance and Repair of the station is much simplified.


One of the vivid examples of DAA Technology implementation is the Variant of the ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun Modernisation. In the new Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun, in particular, the 1RL33M Radar Station replaced with Rokach-AS DAA, which is capable of operating in all around, search and automatic target following modes.


In the updated "Shilka", the Radar detects and tracks even UAVs with an effective surface of scattering of about 0.01 sq.m at distances up to 7 km.


In general, the new radar by far exceeds the capabilities of its predecessor. So, if the Scanning Sector of the old radar was 15 degrees, and during the tracking, the width of the directivity pattern was 1 degree, then in the new radar, the space review is already carried out in the sector of 18 degrees, both through azimuth and location angle simultaneously.


Rokach-AS DAA is capable to make clear the targets quickly both independently and according to the Target Designation Data. In addition, the DAA allows to track several targets within the range of directivity pattern simultaneously, and in the case of a single target engagement it's proceed to the preparation for the next target engagement almost instantaneous.


In general, today, Ukrainian manufacturers offers interesting solutions in the field of Radar Location, which allows potential customers to obtain modern weapons samples, that correspond to the latest world trends, for the best financial resources, if we talk about modernisation of existing Vehicle Fleet.