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   ** CHANAKYA 52nd YEAR ** INDIAN NAVY DAY SPECIAL ISSUE: 15 DECEMBER 2021 ** EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: NAVY CHIEF **         INDIA’s Leading & Oldest DEFENCE & Aerospace Magazine - 52nd Year in Defence Publishing: 47th Year of Monthly Publication       

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DSEI 2021 SHOW REPORT

In its 22nd Year, Defence & Security Equipment International (DSEI) 2021 was held from 14th to 17th September 2021 at ExCel in London, bringing together senior international trade and military experts from across the entire Global Supply Chain, with educational content as before, despite the pandemic. Above 1,000 international exhibitors including a range of Suppliers participated at DSEI, with specialised Air, Naval, Land, Security, and Joint Zones, and dedicated Conference Seminar Theatres offering educational sessions and presentations, with many International Pavilions as well, with wide range of displays of International Defence Platforms, Systems & Equipment.

DSEI ‘21 TRI-SERVICES SHOW REPORT
DSEI 2021 had Live Waterborne & Unmanned Systems Demonstrations and Static Displays for Land, Air a
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MoD Signs Contract With Airbus Defence & 56 C295MW Transporters for IAF

India’s Ministry of Defence (MoD) signed a contract with Airbus Defence and Space, Spain for acquisition of 56 C295MW Transport Aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF) on September 24th, 2021. The induction of Airbus C295MW Airlifters will be a significant step towards modernisation of the Transport Fleet of the Indian Air Force (IAF). It is a Transport Aircraft of 5-10 tonne capacity with contemporary technology that will replace the ageing Avro Transport Aircraft of IAF.

MoD Signs Contract With Airbus Defence & Space, Spain for Acquisition of 56 C295MW Transport Aircraft for IAF
The IAF will become the 35th C295 Operator worldwide, with the programme reaching 278 aircraft, 200
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INDIAN AIR FORCE SPECIAL REPORT

The Indian Air Force (IAF) celebrated its 89th Anniversary on 8th October 2021 with the IAF Day Parade. The Chief of the Air Staff (CAS), Air Chief Marshal Vivek Ram Chaudhari, addressed the IAF Day’s Annual Press Conference, covering some of IAF’s Acquisitions & Projects, emphasised on technologies for Future Warfare, and spoke on IAF’s deployments for the Eastern Ladakh Stand-Off. The Air Chief spoke about DEWs, Drones/Unmanned Systems, etc. In this Special Report on the IAF, we cover IAF’s Transformation Drive with new inductions and future Modernisation Plans with Updates on Rafale Fighters (featured separately), Fighter Squadrons, MRFA Fighters Competition, More MiG-29s & Su-30MKIs, AMCA & LCA Tejas, Spares for Mirage 2000s, AEW&C/AWACS & Flight Refuellers, Tactical Transporters, Helicopters - Apache, Chinook, LCH, LUH; Weapons - S-400, PGMs, Missiles and future procurements of Aero Engines, Air Defence Systems & Combat RPAS/UAS/CUAV, etc.

INDIAN AIR FORCE 89th ANNIVERSARY
The Indian Air Force (IAF) celebrated its 89th Anniversary on 8th October 2021 with the IAF Day Par
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IAF's RAFALE FIGHTERS

With the Indian Air Force (IAF) scheduled to have all the 36 contracted Dassault Aviation Rafale Fighters by early 2022,  India’s Air Superiority gets a boost. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh had formally inducted the first five Rafale Fighter Aircraft into the IAF’s 17 Squadron, the 'Golden Arrows' at the Ambala AFS in September 2020. All 36 Rafale Omni-Role Fighters are expected to be inducted by 2022.

IAF’s Rafale Fighters Inductions Boost India’s Air Superiority
The IAF’s Rafale Long-Range Air Superiority & Precision Strike Fighters have the best Survivability
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Thales in India: Building a Trustworthy and Secure Tomorrow

Thales has been a steadfast Partner of India for close to seven decades now. Through a diverse mix of high-technology solutions, services and collaborations, the organisation has brought its global expertise in Defence, Digital Identity and Security, Aerospace, Space, and Transportation to India. Thales is proud of the Upgradation of the Mirage 2000 Fleet of the Indian Air Force. Apart from this, the company also offers a host of systems for India's Armed Forces ranging from Night Vision Devices and Carbines to Unguided Rockets for Attack Helicopters.

Thales in India: Building a Trustworthy and Secure Tomorrow, By Ashish Saraf, VP & Country Director - India, Thales
Thales will continue to help its customers master their decisive moments in an increasingly complex
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Embraer Defense & Security

As security demands grow amidst tighter budgets, Defence Forces in the Indo-Pacific Region are scrutinizing aircraft that can perform multiple roles while demonstrating reliability and low life-cycle costs, says Jackson Schneider, President & CEO of Embraer Defense & Security.

Embraer’s Defense & Security Solutions: Designed for India’s Needs, by Embraer’s Defense & Security President & CEO Jackson Schneider
As security demands grow amidst tighter budgets, Defence Forces in the Indo-Pacific Region are scru
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MBDA MISSILE SYSTEMS

With above 90 Armed Forces customers in the world, MBDA is a World Leader in Missiles and Missile Systems. The MBDA Group designs and produces Missiles and Missile Systems that correspond to the full range of current and future operational needs of the three Armed Forces - Land, Sea and Air. In total, the MBDA Group offers a range of 45 Missile Systems and Counter-Measures products already in operational service and over 15 others currently in Development Stage.

MBDA: Celebrating Indian Air Force Day During a Landmark Year, By Boris Solomiac, General Delegate, MBDA India
Chanakya features this guest contribution by BORIS SOLOMIAC, GENERAL DELEGATE, MBDA INDIA, who arti
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL V. R. CHAUDHARI, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF

Indian Air Force is going through a Transformation process acquiring State-of-the-Art Platforms and Systems, and through Upgrades, to boost India’s Air Dominance Capabilities, with New Rafales, more Su-30MKIs, Upgraded Mirage 2000s, more MiG-29s & Jaguars, LCA Tejas Mk.1A, C-17s, C-130J-30s, Do-228s, Avro replacement with 56 C295MW MTAs, ALH Rudra Mk.IV, Light Combat Helicopters (LCHs), Light Utility Helicopters (LUH); Mi-17V5s; Chinook Heavy-Lift Helicopters & Apache Attack Helicopters, AEW&Cs/AWACS, FRA, etc. and various types of Radar & Air Defence Weapons Systems and SAGW, either being inducted or in final stages of contract negotiations.

“Upgrade of Existing Fleet of UAVs to Possess Combat Capability is Being Progressed”: AIR CHIEF MARSHAL V. R. CHAUDHARI, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF
Chanakya Interviewed AIR CHIEF MARSHAL V. R. CHAUDHARI, CHIEF OF THE AIR STAFF (CAS), who briefly c
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Navantia S-81 Submarine Launch Ceremony

On 22nd April 2021, His Majesty King Felipe VI of Spain, accompanied by Her Majesty the Queen, Her Royal Highness the Princess of Asturias and Her Royal Highness Infanta Sofia presided over the Launching Ceremony of S-81, the first Submarine of S-80 Class, in Navantia Shipyard in Cartagena (Murcia, Spain).

His Majesty King Felipe VI Presided the Navantia Launching Ceremony of the first S-80 Submarine for the Spanish Navy - the S-81 'Isaac Peral'
The S-81, which will be named 'Isaac Peral', is the first Submarine designed and built in Spain by
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INTERVIEW: William L. Blair, Vice President & Chief Executive, Lockheed Martin India

At Aero India 2021, Lockheed Martin presents the C-130J Super Hercules, of which IAF operates a fleet, with one of them achieving the daunting feat of landing at the world’s highest landing strip. The Lockheed Martin F-21 Fighter Jet, an equally impressive Multi-Mission Platform, for which Lockheed Martin offers future potential production in India in Partnership with Tata; and its’ Sikorsky Helicopters the MH-60R, S-92, CH-53K & S-76; the Javelin - the world’s most versatile Precision Weapon System, and the INDAGO Unmanned Aerial System (UAS).

“Committed to Strategic & Long-Term International Defence Partnerships”
The MH-60R Romeo SEAHAWK Helicopter is one of the world’s most advanced Maritime Helicopters for AS
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AIRBUS INDIA

Airbus with its long-standing relationship with the Indian Aerospace and Defence Sector, will have a significant presence at Aero India.

Transforming India’s Defence and Aerospace Capabilities
Transforming India’s Defence and Aerospace Capabilities: by Rémi Maillard, President & Manag
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DASSAULT SYSTEMES AT AERO INDIA 2021

Dassault Systemes stands committed to help the industry with advanced 3D design and engineering solutions powered by the 3DEXPERIENCE® platform.

Digitalization to Realize a thriving Aerospace, Defence and Space Ecosystem
As the leader in the sector for over three decades, Dassault Systèmes works with companies of every
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Raytheon Technologies Corporation (RTX)

Raytheon Technologies Corporation is an Aerospace and Defence Company that provides Advanced Systems and Services for Commercial, Military and Government customers worldwide. With four Industry-Leading Businesses - Collins Aerospace Systems, Pratt & Whitney, Raytheon Intelligence & Space, and Raytheon Missiles & Defense - the company delivers solutions that push the boundaries in Avionics, Cyber Security, Directed Energy, Electric Propulsion, Hypersonics, and Quantum Physics.

Raytheon Technologies Corporation: Creates Future of Aerospace & Defence
The merger of Raytheon and United Technologies combined two companies with distinctive legacies in
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INTERVIEW: BORIS SOLOMIAC, GENERAL DELEGATE, MBDA INDIA

Chanakya features this Interview with BORIS SOLOMIAC, General Delegate, MBDA India, who articulates on MBDA’s Range of Missiles for the IAF’s Rafale Fighter; Brimstone Dual-Seeker Missile; MICA IR & RF Missiles for the Upgraded Mirage 2000s of the IAF; MANPADS Missile System offered for VSHORAD & Mistral ATAM for the ALH Rudra WSI & LCHs; ASRAAM for the Jaguar Fighter Upgrade, Naval Missiles and on L&T MBDA Missile Systems Joint Venture established in India.

“Highly Potent Set of Weapons from MBDA that are Unrivalled”
With above 90 Armed Forces customers in the world, MBDA is a World Leader in Missiles and Missile S
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: DR. SUDHIR MISHRA, CEO & MD, BRAHMOS AEROSPACE

In this EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW to Chanakya, DR. SUDHIR MISHRA, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of BrahMos Aerospace, said that they are developing "90-Degree Steep Dive & Surround Attack Capability," a "Carrier-Killer" Weapon. He articulated on the success achieved by various BRAHMOS Variants’ proven capabilities, including the Block-III LACM. On future plans, he elaborated on the Hypersonic BRAHMOS-II(K) Weapon with speeds between Mach 5-7 and the BRAHMOS NG Variant, on the BRAHMOS-A tests of the Airborne Cruise Missile for the IAF’s Su-30MKI Fighter, and on the BrahMos ‘Make-in-India’ initiatives.

“We have been Actively Pursuing the Hypersonic BRAHMOS-II(K)”
BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is capable to fulfil any export requirements, if
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: R. MADHAVAN, CHAIRMAN & MANAGING DIRECTOR, HAL

 In an Exclusive Interview to Chanakya, R. MADHAVAN, Chairman & Managing Director, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Updates us on most projects that HAL is currently undertaking like LCA Tejas, Mirage 2000 Upgrade Project, Jaguar Darin-III Upgrade, HTT-40 BTA, IJT, LCH, LUH, Ka-226T, ALH Dhruv, etc.

“HAL is Geared Up to Take Production of 83 LCA Order”
One of the largest Aeronautics Companies in Asia, Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) is involved in m
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INTERVIEW: ANANDI RAMALINGAM, DIRECTOR MARKETING, BEL

Bharat Electronics Ltd. (BEL) is the leading Defence Electronics Company in India with several Hi-Tech Capabilities including Missile Systems, Electronic Warfare Systems, Avionics Systems, Communication Systems, Electro-Optics Systems, Radars, C4I Systems/Solutions, Sonar, Gun Upgrades, Shelters, etc.

“Government Approved the Export of Indigenous Akash Missile System”
Chanakya Interviewed ANANDI RAMALINGAM, DIRECTOR MARKETING, BEL, on it’s Orders, New Products, Expo
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Safran Aircraft Engines

Safran Aircraft Engines is one of the world's leading Aircraft and Rocket Engine Manufacturers, Safran designs, develops, produces and sells, alone or in Partnership, Engines for Civil and Military Aircraft, Launch Vehicles and Satellites. Safran Aircraft Engines also power some 20 types of Military Aircraft in 30 countries.

Safran Military Engines M88
Safran Military Engines for Rafale & Mirage 2000 Fighters have become global benchmarks. Safran als
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THALES INDIA

Backed by its strong presence in diverse verticals like Defence, Aerospace, Transportation and Digital Identity and Security, Thales has been an unwavering partner to India's ambitious plans and growth storyby sharing its niche technologies and expertise.

Thales: A Steadfast Partner to India's Growth Story
As India marches towards its goal of 'Atmanirbharta' or Self-Reliance, it opens up immense opportun
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MBDA MISSILE SYSTEMS

MBDA is not new to Partnership with the Indian Armed Forces and Indian industry, indeed it has been delivering battle-winning capabilities to the Indian Air Force and collaborating with Indian industry for over 50 years.

MBDA Shows Make In India Commitments and Rafale Weaponry at Aero India 2021
MBDA, the maker of the Rafale's game-changing weaponry, is showcasing its Make in India commitments
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RAFAEL

Rafael is a world-leading Developer & Manufacturer of Advanced Weapon Systems, providing forefront Technological Solutions that address the Defensive and Offensive requirements of the Modern Battlefield. Rafael Advanced Defense Systems has been supporting the Indian Defence Forces with State-of-the-Art Systems, during which Rafael has stood by India to supply systems at short notice in operational contingencies, including Air-to-Air, Air Defence, ATGMs, Targeting & Reconnaissance Pods, SDR Communication, etc.

RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE SYSTEMS
Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. Designs, Develops, Manufactures and Supplies a wide range of H
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Indian Navy’s Vagir 5th Scorpene Submarine Launched at MDL

On November 12th 2020, INS Vagir was launched by Smt Vijaya Shripad Naik, wife of Shripad Naik, Raksha Rajya Mantri. INS Vagir is the fifth P-75 Scorpene Submarine entirely built by the Indian Shipyard Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL)

Launching of Vagir, the Fifth Indian Kalvari-Class Submarine with Scorpene Design, Entirely Made in India
Making its underwater defence stronger, Indian Navy launched the fifth Kalvari-Class Scorpene Subma
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EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, CHIEF OF THE NAVAL STAFF

ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, the 24th Chief of the Naval Staff of Indian Navy says that the immediate focus would be to overcome critical deficient capabilities and concurrently adopt modern 'leap-frogging' technology to create capabilities for accomplishing a range of missions. For Navy Day 2020, Chanakya Interviewed ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, Chief of the Naval Staff, covering Indian Navy’s Modernisation & Expansion Plans, recent Inductions, Naval Acquisitions, including Aircraft Carriers, Surface Combatants, Gun Systems, Missiles, LPDs, FSS, Submarines, MRCBF Carrier-Borne Fighters, Naval Helicopters, RPAS, Aircraft, etc.

“Towards Force Level Augmentation, 43 Ships & Submarines are Under Construction”
For Navy Day 2020, Chanakya Interviewed ADMIRAL KARAMBIR SINGH, Chief of the Naval Staff, covering
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Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines Project

Amongst the five Global Defence Majors selected by the MoD Committee for the P-75(I) Submarines Project is Navantia of Spain. The two Indian Shipyards for the mega 'Make-in-India' Project are L&T Group and Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. (MDL). Navantia has recently organised more than 100 side meetings and submitted 380 RFIs specific to the P-75(I) Submarine cost items, and targets achieving 500 PTS and nearly 1,500 RFIs within the next 3-4 months.

Navantia S80 Plus Offered for Indian Navy’s P-75(I) Submarines
Navantia is participating in P-75(I) using the basis of the S80 Plus Submarine - the only 3,000 ton
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Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety

Collins Aerospace is part of Raytheon Technologies Corporation, which is a leading Aerospace & Defence Company that provides Advanced Systems and Services for Commercial, Military and Government customers worldwide. It comprises four industry-leading businesses - Collins Aerospace, Pratt & Whitney, Raytheon Intelligence & Space and Raytheon Missiles & Defense. This feature on “Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety” is contributed by DON BORCHELT, Business Development Director, ACES II/5, Mission Systems, Collins Aerospace, highlights various aspects of Pilot Safety and new developments in Ejection Seats for New-Generation Combat Aircraft.

Ejection Seats & Pilot Safety
Collins Aerospace specialises in Aerostructures, Avionics, Interiors, Mechanical Systems, Mission S
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The Year of Heron TP

The Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Heron TP is a Multi-Role, Most Advanced, Long-Range Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) for Strategic Missions, equipped with Automatic Taxi Take-Off and Landing Systems (ATOL), Satellite Communication for Extended Range, fully redundant Avionics and much more. The IAI Heron TP UAS was designed as a Multi-Mission Platform to address customers' needs and to perform a variety of Strategic Missions, including Intelligence Gathering, Surveillance,

The Year of Heron TP
Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), using various Payloads, with a high level of reliabi
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FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Military. Rolls-Royce Engines power a wide variety of aircraft in the inventory of the IAF - from Combat and Strike Aircraft (the Jaguar, powered by the Adour Mk811) to Trainers (Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer, powered by Adour Mk871) to Strategic Airlift Aircraft (C-130J Super Hercules, powered by AE 2100), and even VVIP and Surveillance Aircraft (ERJ145, powered by AE 3007).

FUTURE OF COMBAT: SUPPORTING TOMORROW'S AIR WARRIORS By Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
Today, more than 750 Rolls-Royce Engines of 10 engine types are powering aircraft of the Indian Mil
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MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force

With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50 years, European Missile company MBDA understands the importance of operational capability and sovereignty to the IAF. MBDA has set up an extensive network of business Partners throughout India. This extensive Indian Supply Chain supports its JV initiatives ready to fulfil ‘Make-in-India’ requirements through its JV with L&T to manufacture Missiles & Components in India. In addition, MBDA continues to work with Indian Public-Sector entities for local Production, Development and Partnership.

MBDA: A Strong Partner of Indian Air Force
With a strong reputation as a reliable Partner that has supported the Indian Air Force for over 50
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Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia

India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to spend US$ 100-150 Billion on Defence Modernisation programmes by 2022. This presents a huge opportunity for Multinational Companies (MNCs) and Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) to leverage India's fast-growing Aerospace and Defence Sectors.

Rolls-Royce in India: Partnering for Future Success by Kishore Jayaraman, President, Rolls-Royce, India and South Asia
India is in the process of replacing 50 percent of its ageing Defence Equipment. It is expected to
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GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives

General Atomics (GA) and its affiliated companies now constitute one of the world's leading resources for High-Technology Systems ranging from Nuclear fuel cycle to Electromagnetic Systems, Remotely Operated Surveillance Aircraft, Airborne Sensors and Advanced Electronics, Wireless & Laser Technologies.

GENERAL ATOMICS - EMS Deepening Ties Via Strategic Initiatives
GA and its affiliated entities manufacture, operate and service state-of-the-art Unmanned Aerial Ve
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MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force

MBDA is exhibiting a full range of Missiles and Missile Systems on Stand AB.2.23 designed to provide Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities, including Air Dominance, Strike and Maritime Engagement, for the Indian Air Force.

MBDA Offers Next-Generation Air Combat Capabilities for the Indian Air Force
Aero India 2019 is the first Air Show where L&T MBDA Missile Systems Ltd, MBDA’s Joint Venture with
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HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence

HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics. Based in Taufkirchen near Munich, HENSOLDT is one of the market leaders in the field of Civil and Military Sensor Solutions and develops new products based on innovative approaches for Data Management, Robotics and Cyber Security to combat a wide range of threats.

HENSOLDT Leads Sensor Solutions for Defence
HENSOLDT is a pioneer of Technology and Innovation in the field of Defence and Security Electronics
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BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon

BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export requirements, if the Government decides, while serving the Indian Army, Indian Navy & Indian Air Force requirements, which should see larger numbers of Missiles ordered in the future.

BRAHMOS: World' Best & Fastest Supersonic Precision Strike Weapon
BrahMos Aerospace, the Indo-Russian Joint Venture is now ready and capable to fulfil export require
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Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai

Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came calling at Mumbai from 2nd to 6th June 2018. As part of the select group of journalists that were invited to see the LHD and its multitude of capabilities, one can conclude that the capability that this Vessel would bring to the Indian Navy’s Air Power & Amphibious Operations would be manifold

Spanish Navy Navantia LHD Juan Carlos I Visits Mumbai
Navantia Juan Carlos I, the 27,000-tonne Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) of the Spanish Navy came cal
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Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI

IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighter aircraft off the Eastern Coast. The Air-Launched BrahMos Missile is a 2.5 ton Supersonic Air-to-Surface Cruise Missile with ranges of more than 400 kms.

Successful Firing of BrahMos Air- Launched Missile from Su-30MKI
IAF successfully fired the BrahMos Air Version Anti-Ship Missile from its Frontline Su-30MKI Fighte
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News



News

Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Inducted Into No. 45 Squadron of Indian Air Force


The Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas was inducted into No. 45 Squadron of the Indian Air Force (IAF) on 1st July 2016. No. 45 Squadron, also called the "Flying Daggers", was last equipped with MiG-21 Bis Aircraft and operated from Nalia. It's motto is "Ajeet Nabha". The Squadron will operate from Bangalore for nearly two years before it moves to its designated location at Sulur near Coimbatore. It is the first Fighter Squadron to be a part of the Southern Air Command of IAF Headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram.


Group Captain Madhav Rangachari, an alumnus of the National Defence Academy, is the Commanding Officer of Flying Daggers. He flew the inaugural flight of LCA in 45 Squadron on 1st July. Apart from operational experience on Mirage 2000 and MiG-21s, he also has considerable experience on flight testing of LCA Prototypes.
Tejas is the first advanced Fly-by-Wire (FBW) Fighter aircraft designed, developed and manufactured in India.

Conceived as a MiG-21 replacement, the aircraft has been designed and developed by DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and produced by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). It is to the credit of its designers, manufacturer, technicians and test crew, that LCA has flown more than 3,200 sorties / 2,000 Hours till date without any accident. Tejas is a 4th Generation Plus aircraft with a Glass Cockpit and is equipped with state-of-the-art Satellite-aided Inertial Navigation System. It has a Digital Computer-Based Attack System and an Autopilot. It can fire Air-to-Air Missiles, Bombs as well as Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs).


The induction of the aircraft is being planned in a phased manner. The IOC aircraft are armed with Close Combat Air-to-Air Missiles, Helmet Mounted Display and Precision Guided Weapons like Laser Guided Bombs. These aircraft are also capable of dropping unguided bombs with much higher accuracy due to highly advanced indigenous Mission Computer. The FOC aircraft would incorporate Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Missiles, improved and better Stand-Off Weapons and Air-to-Air Refueling capability. IAF is also pitching for additional LCA Mk 1A which would incorporate New-Generation Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar with simultaneous Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground capability, an integrated advanced Electronic Warfare Suite, advanced versions of Air-to-Air and Air-to-Ground Weapons and maintainability improvements. With 45 Squadron now commencing operations, soon the Tejas would be employed to defend the Indian skies.


DRDO Developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas
Tejas is a 4th Generation Plus Fighter Aircraft indigenously developed in the country after technology gap of around two decades of HF Marut by DRDO. Its development by LCA Tejas Team at ADA, an autonomous society of DRDO, is unique in the light of the fact that there was no infrastructure base and negligible technological base available in the country for undertaking development of a modern combat aircraft.


Full Scale Engineering Development (FSED) programme was actually sanctioned in April 1993. The historic maiden flight of the first Technology Demonstrator (TD1) took place on January 4th, 2001. The scope of FSED Phase 1 was to demonstrate the technologies so that a decision could be taken to build operational proto-vehicles, at a later stage. LCA FSED Phase 1 was completed on March 31st, 2004 with all objectives of Technology Development achieved. With efficient management of funds, four aircraft (TD1, TD2, PV1, & PV2) have been built within the funds sanctioned for two aircraft development. While Phase 1 programme was in progress, the Government in November 2001 decided to concurrently go ahead with the build of operational proto-vehicles in LCA FSED Phase 2 programme.


The scope of FSED Phase 2 programme was to build three Prototypes of operational aircraft, including trainers and also to build the infrastructure required for producing eight aircraft per year and build eight Limited Series Production (LSP) aircraft. The Phase 2 programme has been split into two phases namely, Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) and Final Operational Clearance (FOC). Standard of Preparation of operational aircraft was finalised in 2004 with changes in Weapons, Sensors and Avionics to meet IAF requirements and overcome obsolescence.


LCA has accomplished about 3,200 flights, testifies the point that it is a reliable aircraft and that the LCA Programme is now racing smoothly toward achieving FOC, after attaining IOC in December 2013. Action for induction of the LCA Tejas into the IAF has been initiated. As of now, IAF had placed order in 2006 for 20 Tejas aircraft in IOC configuration and another 20 aircraft in FOC configuration in 2010. Aircraft build is in progress. Maiden flight of first Series Production (SP1) Tejas aircraft of IOC configuration took place on September 30th, 2014 and handed over to the Indian Air Force by the Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on January 17th, 2015. Maiden flight of Second Series Production (SP2) Tejas aircraft of IOC configuration took place on March 22nd, 2016. Further SP aircraft will be delivered progressively by HAL to IAF for induction.


Secretary, Department of Defence R&D and DG DRDO, Dr. S Christopher, said that “LCA Programme has been unique in bringing together stakeholders and partners within and outside the country. HAL has been the Principal Partner, with participation and support of IAF, IN, DRDO, CSIR, CEMILAC, DGAQA, PSUs, academic institutions, private establishments, etc.” He said “Team ‘Tejas’ is proud that an idea in late 1980’s is today turning into a reality of having our own fighter aircraft”. Dr. S Christopher further stated that this critical milestone could be achieved only due to the initiative of the Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.